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Tisha Be Av
The fast days of 17 Tammuz and 9 Av, and the time between them, commemorate the tragic process of the destruction of the two Holy Temples in Jerusalem. This period of time is known as Tekufat Bein HaM'Tzarim, between the straits. We begin with the fast of the 17th of Tammuz that marks the day of the breaching of the walls of Jerusalem. Three weeks later at the fast of the 9th of Av we commemorate the day of the actual destruction by fire of the Holy Temple. Tisha B'Av, The ninth day of Av, is a fasting day which starts at sundown on the eighth day and concludes at sundown on the ninth day of Av. Tisha B'Av is considered to be a frightful day - a day that we are fearful that something bad is going to happen. The Jewish people encountered many tragic events, all of them happened at that day. The first Temple was destroyed; The second Temple was destroyed; 1492, when King Ferdinand of Spain issued the expulsion decree he sat Tisha B'Av as the final date by which not a single Jew would be allowed to stay in Spain; World War I – which began the downward slide to the Holocaust – began on Tisha B’av. On Tisha B'Av we are not allowed eating or drinking, to wash, anoint oneself or wear leather shoes. We are only allowed to study certain portions of the Torah and Talmud on Tisha B'Av.
Book Of Eicha
The Jeremiah's book of Eichah, Lamentations, written by the prophet Jeremiah, is read on Tisha B’av. The book of Eichah is timeless. Jeremiah's sheds tears not for himself but for his fellow Jews and the predicament they were in. His tears were also for the presence of G-d being forced into exile. Jeremiah spent years warning the Children of Israel that unless they repented the First Temple would be destroyed. To his dismay, his prophecy came true and the population of the Jews dispersed throughout the world. We should read the Book of Lamentations with the hope that we will bring ourselves back to the high holy status we were once at and that next year Tisha B'Av will be turned into a day of joy and celebration.